Meghalaya biodiversity comprises of an enormous species of flora and fauna. Around 8514 square kilometers of the total land area of Meghalaya being under the cover of forests, a large number of floral and faunal biodiversity is natural.
The main reason for such high biodiversity in Meghalaya is its climate which supports the existence of a large number of floral and faunal species. Meghalaya is the wettest state in India. Moreover, there are several small seasonal rivers flowing across the state thereby making it apt for cultivation.
The Meghalaya forests supports a vast floral and faunal biodiversity. The floral diversity includes a large variety of Phanerophytes which includes variety of trees and shrubs, Parasites and Epiphytes and succulent plants. Apart from these, Meghalaya offers plants that offer rich timber such as teak and sal woods, plants with medicinal values such as Cinchona, Taxus Baccata, etc, and plants that offer fruits and vegetables. But the most significant flora of Meghalaya are the orchids. You can check out 325 species of this beautiful flower at this north eastern state.
The faunal biodiversity of Meghalaya includes a wide range of reptiles, mammals, insects and birds. Reptiles include Coral Snake, Red-necked Kulback, Blind Snake, etc. Mammals comprise of all the members of dog and cat family, mongooses, gnawing animals such as squirrels, bears, elephants, etc. Birds include Common Green Pigeon, Hill Myna, Peacock Pheasant, Blue Jay, Great Horned Owl, Black-necked Stork, etc. Among the insects there is only this one insect that attracts the eyes from all across the globe towards Meghalaya and it is the colorful butterflies. There are around 250 species of the colorful butterflies in Meghalaya.
It is due to this Meghalaya biodiversity, that there is a perfect balance in the ecosystem of Meghalaya.