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Meghalaya

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Folk Medicines of Meghalaya

Aegle marmelos Correa ex Roxb. (Rutaceae); Diengsohbel (K); Wood apple (E). The pounded fresh leaves (3-4) mixed with crushed chili are applied topi-cally in the treatment of abscess. The juice of the fresh leaves (8-10) is taken orally (once daily) in the treatment of heart diseases. Leaf juice (20-30 ml) mixed with the leaf juice of Ocimum basilicum is taken orally (2 times daily) in the treatment of fever.

Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn. (Cucurbitaceae); Pathawiong (K); White pumpkin (E). Leaf juice (5ml) is taken orally to treat cough. The leaf juice (5ml) mixed with little salt is taken orally (2-3 times daily) in the treatment of fever.

Berberis microcarpa (Hook. & Thoms.) Ahrendt (Berberidaceae); Diegsnong (K). The juice of root bark and stem bark (equal proportion) is applied topically in skin diseases. The filtered juice is used as eye drop in eye infections. Decoction of root bark (15-20 ml) is taken orally (2-3 times daily) in the treatment of fever. Powdered root is soaked in home made liquor for 7 days. The mixture is taken orally (5 ml) as laxative.

Boerhaavia diffusa Linn. (Nyctagina-ceae); Dieng punar (K); Spreading hog-weed (E). Leaves are taken as curry in the treatment of hypotension. Root juice 15 ml) mixed with crushed chili (2 Nos) is taken orally (2-3 times daily) to treat bronchial asthma. Leaf juice (15 ml) is taken orally (2 times daily) in the treat-ment of jaundice.

Cissus quadrangularis Linn. (Vitaceae); Kynbat–harjora (K). Plant is ground to make paste and the paste is applied topi-cally in fracture or dislocation of bones. Plant juice is used as ear drop in otorrhea. Powdered plant mixed with mustard oil is used as massage in rheumatoid arthritis.

Clitoria ternatea Linn. (Papilionaceae); U-misyntiew (K); Clitoria (E). Root pow-der (1teaspoonful) is taken orally (3 times daily) with water (5 ml) in the treatment of ascariasis and fever. Root powder (1teaspoonful) mixed with ‘ghee’ is taken orally immediately after snake bite. The powder can also be taken with milk or with the juice of turmeric for the same purpose.

Enhydra fluctuans Lour. (Asteraceae); Kynbat hingcha (K). Leaf juice is used externally in prickly heat and skin diseases. The juice is taken orally (10 ml, 2 times daily) in the treatment of liver diseases. Concentrated leaf juice is used as laxative.

Eupatorium cannabinum Linn. (As-teraceae); Kynbat nongrim (K); Hemp agrimony (E). Leaves and young shoots are ground and applied in cuts and wounds and also used in the treatment of burn. The juice obtained after grinding leaves and young shoots is used in the treatment of dysentery.

Ficus benghalensis Linn. (Moraceae); Diengjri (K); Banyan tree (E). Powdered leaves (1 gm) mixed with curd (5 ml) are used as antidiarrhoeal. Bark powder (50 gm) is mixed with equal amount of the bark powder of Ficus religiosa L.and water to make a paste. The paste is applied (once daily) over the affected parts in case of fracture or dislocation of bones. The milky exudate is applied externally in rheumatoid arthritis.

Garcinia cowa Roxb. (Clusiaceae); Sohkwang (K). Raw or sun dried sliced fruit is used to treat dysentery.

Gaultheria fragrantissima Wall. (Erica-ceae); Soh-lyngthrait (K); Indian winter-green (E). Decoction of the leaves mixed with mustard oil is used externally in rheumatoid arthritis and internally (15 ml daily) in amenorrhoea and oligomenor-rhoea. Powdered leaves (150 gm) mixed with water (50 ml) are taken orally (15 ml, twice daily) to treat chronic diarrhoea.

Gmelina arborea Roxb. (Verbenaceae); Dieng laphiang (K). Root juice is taken orally (15 ml, thrice daily) in the treatment of fever. Leaf juice is used orally (10 ml, thrice daily) in the treatment of cough.

Hyplianthera stricta W. & A. (Rubia-ceae); Dieng diki (K). Infusion of leaves is given orally (5-10 ml, daily) to ease labour.

Jatropha curcas Linn. (Euphorbiaceae); Dieng songdkhar (K); Angular leaved physic nut (E). Leaf juice is used in the treatment of amenorrhoea and oli-gomenorrhoea. Stem juice (15 ml) of the plant (10-15 years old) mixed with water (5 ml) is taken orally (10-15ml, 3 times daily) in the treatment of dysentery. Seed oil is applied locally in haemorrhoids. Leaf juice and bark juice, are used externally in skin diseases.

Justicia gendarussa Burm. f. (Acantha-ceae); Dieng nili (K). Leaf juice is used as antiseptic and haemostatic. It is applied externally in cuts and wounds, as nasal drop in nasal bleeding and as gargle in aphthae. This is also used (10 ml, 3 times daily) in dysentery when blood appears in stool.

Leea crispa Linn. (Leeaceae); Sohphyr-nonnor (K). Pounded leaves are used externally in the treatment of wounds. Crushed tuber is taken orally as anthelmintic.

Litsaea glutinosa Lour. C. B. Robinson (Lauraceae); Dieng–ja-lowan (K). Decoc-tion of bark and leaves is taken orally (15 ml, 2-3 times daily) in the treatment of dysentery. Raw bark is ground and ap-plied externally in boils and bruises.

Mimosa pudica Linn. (Mimosaceae); Kynbat samthiah (K); Sensitive plant (E). Crushed leaf and root (1:1) mixed with little water to make a paste is applied locally in haemorrhoids and fistula. The affected part is kept bandaged with the paste for 24 hours and then reapplication is made. Paste prepared from leaves is applied topically in the treatment of hydrocele. Leaves and stem (1:1) are crushed to make a paste and applied locally in case of scorpion sting. Plant juice is applied topically in the treatment of ulcer and skin diseases. Leaf infusion is taken orally (5 ml, 2-3 times daily) in the treatment of liver disease, kidney problem and dysentery.

Mimusops elengi Linn. (Sapotaceae); Dieng bakul (K); Bakul (E). Bark juice is used as gargle in the treatment of apthae and pyorrhoea.

Momordica charantia Linn. (Cucurbita-ceae); Karela (K); Bitter gourd (E). Fruit juice (20-25 ml) is taken orally as hypo-glycemic (once daily), as antirheumatic (10 ml, 2-3 times daily), in liver problems (15 ml, 2 times daily) and as blood purifier (15 ml, 2-3 times daily). Fruit juice (5 ml) mixed with leaf juice (5 ml) is applied locally on haemorrhoids.

Musa paradisiaca Linn. (Musaceae); Kakait (K); Plantain (E). The juice (30 ml) collected from the plant is taken orally (2-3 times daily) in the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery. Crushed raw fruit mixed with curd (15 ml) is also used for the same purpose. Ripe crushed fruit is applied topically on abscess.

Nelumbium speciosum Willd. (Nym-phaeceae); Syntiew padma (K); Sacred lotus (E). Flower juice is taken orally (3 times daily) in the treatment of asthma. Leaf juice is used as gargle in aphthae. The juice of carpel (10–15 ml) is taken orally to prevent miscarriage.

Nepenthes khasiana Hook.f. (Nepentha-ceae); Tiew rakot (K); Devil’s basket (E). Water accumulated inside the closed pitcher is collected and used as ear drop in ear problems. The pitcher pounded to a paste and mixed with water is taken orally (15 ml, 3–4 times daily) in the treatment of cholera.

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Linn. (Olea-ceae); Diengdawainieh (K); Night jasmine (E). Leaf juice (10-15 ml) is taken orally as anthelmintic. Flower juice (15 ml) is taken orally in the treatment of black water fever. Powdered flower mixed with honey is taken orally as antispasmodic.

Oroxylum indicum Vent (Bignoniaceae); Diengtit–kong–ling (K); Trumpet flower (E). Root bark juice is taken orally (15 ml, 2-3 times daily) to control diarrhoea and dysentery.

Phlogacanthus thyrsiflorus Nees Mab-berly (Acanthaceae); Soh-ja-jut (K). Fruit and leaf ash (1:1) mixed with little water is taken orally (20 ml) to treat fever.

Piper longum Linn. (Piperaceae); Soh-mrit-khlaw (K); Long pepper (E). Pow-dered fruit (10 gm) mixed with honey is taken orally (5 ml, 3 times daily) in the treatment of enlarged spleen.

Pittosporum nepaulense (DC.) Rehder & Wilson (Pittosporaceae); Dieng-sying (K). Decoction of the bark is concentrated and taken orally (20 ml, 3 times daily) to treat cough and fever.

Plumbago zeylanica Linn. (Plumbagina-ceae); Diengshitu (K); Ceylon leadwort (E). Root and bark (1:1) in equal propor-tion are ground to make paste and applied locally in the treatment of haemorrhoids and skin diseases. Decoction of the root bark (15 ml) is taken orally (2-3 times daily) to treat diarrhoea.

Potentilla fulgens Hook. (Rosaceae); Lyngniang-bru (K). Plant juice is used as antispasmodic. Root is chewed for the treatment of pyorrhoea. The plant is ground to make paste and is used exter-nally on ulcers.

Rhododendron arboreum Sm. (Erica-ceae); Dieng-tiew-saw (K). Young leaves are pounded and applied over forehead as febrifuge. Flowers (5 gm) are taken orally (once daily) to treat dysentery.

Rosa indica Linn. (Rosaceae); Dieng-tiew–jain heh (K); Rose (E). Seed powder (1 teaspoonful) mixed with water (30 ml) is taken in the treatment of dysentery and also as anthelmintic.

Rubus ellipticus Sm. (Rosaceae); Soh phairew (K). Root juice (15 ml) is taken orally (3 times daily) to treat dysentery.

Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn. (Sapinda-ceae); Soh pariah (K); Soap nut (E). Fruits (2) are crushed to paste and mixed thoroughly with water (30 ml). It is taken orally (20 ml daily, before food) in the treatment of epilepsy.

Sida acuta Burm. f. (Malvaceae); Soh byrthit bah (K); Country mallow (E). Leaf juice (15 ml) is taken orally (2-3 times daily) to treat fever.

Sida rhombifolia Linn. (Malvaceae); Soh byrthit rit (K); Yellow barbeleria (E). Powdered root bark (1 teaspoonful) mixed with sugar (1 teaspoonful) and milk (15 ml) is taken orally in the treat-ment of gonorrhoea. Root (50 gm), leaves (50 gm) and black pepper (2-3) are ground to make a paste and taken orally and also applied locally in snake bite. Decoction of leaves is used in the treat-ment of hysteria.

Sphaeranthus indicus Linn. (As-teraceae); Bat lyngkgrnong (K); Indian globe thistle (E). Seeds and roots (1:1) are ground and taken orally as anthelmintic. Bark is crushed to paste and applied lo-cally in the treatment of haemorrhoids.

Swertia chirayita (Roxb. ex Flem.) Karst. (Gentianaceae); Sharita (K); Chiretta (E). Root juice is applied externally in scabies and internally (20 ml, 2 times daily) to prevent abortion.

Taxus baccata Linn. (Taxaceae); Soh blei (K). Leaves are used as aphrodisiac. They are also used in the treatment of epilepsy and irregular menstruation. Only a few traditional practitioners use this plant.

Tinospora cordifolia Miers. (Menisper-maceae); Ksaiblet (K). Decoction of leaves, bark and root bark (1:1:1) is taken orally (15 ml, 3 times daily) in the treat-ment of diarrhoea and dysentery. Leaf juice is applied over burnt area.

Tylophora indica Burm. f. Merr. (Ascle-piadaceae); Kynbat kylian (K); Emetic swallow (E). Root powder mixed with little milk is used in the treatment of aph-thae. Root juice is also used as gargle for the same purpose. Fruit powder (50 gm) mixed with milk (30 ml) is taken orally to remove gall bladder stone.

Vernonia anthelmintica Willd. (As-teraceae); Kynbat-jiraiong (K); Purple fleabane (E). Powdered seeds are taken orally with water (15 ml, 2-3 times daily) as anthelmintic. Seed powder moistened with water is applied over snake bitten area. Leaf juice is used as nasal drops in the treatment of nasal problems.

Viscum articulatum Burm. f. (Lorantha-ceae); Mangkariang-khlen-sia (K). Plant is ground to make a paste and the paste is applied over snake bitten area and also over cuts and wounds.

Vitex negundo Linn. (Verbenaceae); -Tohtih-dkhar (K); Indian privet (E). Root bark is ground and mixed with local liquor to make a paste. The paste is applied over neck in the treatment of epilepsy. Warm leaves are applied in rheumatoid arthritis. Leaf powder (10 gm) mixed with water is used in the treatment of fever.

Vitex peduncularis Wall. (Verbenaceae); U-shyrtoh (K). Decoction of leaf and bark is taken orally (15 ml, 3 times daily) in the treatment of fever.

Ziziphus jujuba Mill. (Rhamnaceae); Dieng-soh-broi (K); Jujube fruit (E). Leaf powder mixed with powdered leaf of Ficus glomerata Roxb. is applied locally in scorpion sting. Leaf juice (10 ml) mixed with little salt is taken orally (3 times daily) in the treatment of dysen-tery.
Courtesy: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/285651150_Folk_herbal_remedies_from_Meghalaya
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