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Meghalaya

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Medicinal Plants of Meghalaya

List of some Medicinal & Aromatic Plants and their Uses
SlBotanical NameVernucular NamePart UsedDiseases Associated With
1Aegle marmelos Soh bel (K & J), Bael (G)Root, leaf & fruitFever, asthma
2Acorus calamus Bet (K) Root, leafRoot and leaf are used for treatment of Epilepsy and stomach problem in new born
3Adathoda vasicaVasaka (G) Flowers, Leave and TwigLung diseases
4Alstonia scholaris-Bark and Dry leavesDecoction of dry leave is taking with water for asthma disease
5Asparagus recemosusBatniang sohpet (K & J), Memang tamatchi (G)TuberIndigestion in children (niangsohpet, Kh)
6Aloe veraSyntiew shylluit (K), Sal komla (G)Whole plantMainly for skin diseases
7Allium sativumRynsun Rynsun (K), Rasun (J), Rasin (G)BulbMixed with oil for cough
8Alpinia galanga-RhizomeSinusitis
9Artemesia vulgariJaiaw (K)Whole plantMalaria
10Averrhoa carambolaSoh pyrshong (K)FruitJaundice, gall stone, malaria
11Begonia josephiJajew (K)FruitFood poisoning, gastric, hemorrhoids (piles)
12Begonia roxburghiiJangew (K), Kimchare (G)FruitCholera, dysentery
13Bingha rosiaGophram phull (G)LeafDiabetes and breast cancer
14Bryophylum pinnatumTiewkhluid ding (K)LeafGood for kidney stone, Burn
15Centella asiaticaBat syiar/ bat sohlah (K), Mana muni (G)Whole plantBlood purification, dysentery, diarrhoea
16Cassia fistula L.La met/ maroi (K), snaru (G)-For bone setting, accidents
17Cinnamomum tamalaLatyrpad (K), Teji-bol (G)Leaf & bark Gastric
18Costus speciosus Gokarek (G) Leaf Kidney problem
19Curcuma aeruginosa Shynrai iong (K) Rhizome Heals wound & sprains
20Curcuma domestica Shynrai stem, Shynrai stem (K, J) Rhizome Skin diseases, stomach problem etc.
21Curcuma longa Shynrai bam (K)/ shyrmit (J)Rhizome Skin diseases, Cancer, blood pressure
22Cymbopagon flexuosus Lang sying leaf Cough
23Dioscorea bulbifera Phan kyrsew (K) tuber Cancer, ulcer
24-Dein muka (J) - Diabetes, cancer
25Embelica officinalisSohmyllengFruitBlood pressure, constipation also juice is used in eye paining
26Eucalyptus citriodoraBat tyrphin (K)-Food poisoning
27Eupatorium cannabinumBat nongrim (K), Dura summok (G)leafDiarrhoea
28Gaultheria Fragrantissima Wall.La thynrait/ la bthei/ jyrhap (K, J)Leaf & stemArthritis, paralysis bone fracture
29Houttuynia cordata Thumb.Ja myrdoh (K, J)Whole plantLow blood pressure, sores, boils, blood purification
30Kaempferia galangaSying kmoh (K, J), Wakpatra(G)RhizomeVomiting, stomach problem pain killer, food poisoning
31Lonicera macrantha DCJyrmi jrem (K)RootGall stones, Non pregnancy & other women’s problems, dysentery
32Mentha spicataPudina (K)Whole plantLower body heat, gastric
33Musa paradisiacaLa dew/ Lakait (K & J)-Cholera, liver
34Myrica esculentaSohphie heh (K & J)FruitIndigestion in children (ňiangsohpet), diabetes, lowering of body temperature during fever
35Myrica nagiSohphie Nam (K)FruitIndigestion in children(ňiangsohpet), diabetes, lowering of body temperature during fever
36Morus nigraSoh langdkhurFruitsLower body heat
37Nepenthes KhasianaKynbat bhut-Stomachache, eye sores, urinary
38Ocimum sanctumHoly basilleaves, stem and rootsBest for Malaria
39Panax pseudo-ginsengJinseng (K & J)RootMainly Cancer
40Piper longumSohmrit khlaw (K)SeedsMixed with honey bee for cough treatment
41Piper nigrumsohmrit bam (K)SeedMixed with honey bee for cough treatment
42Potentilla fulgensLynniang Kynthei (K), Lynniang bru (J)RootsCholera, diarrhea, anti-diabetic
43Prunus nepalensisSohiong (K)FruitLow blood pressure & also fever
44Psidium guajavaSoh pyrem (K)Young leafdysentery
45Rauvolfia serpentinaTdong pait puraw (K)Root and leavesSnake bike, high blood pressure, chickenpox
46Rubia cordifolia Linn.Me rhoi/ Kynbat thar/ Jyrmi saw (K)-Skin diseases, poisonous sting of insects
47Saroca asocaAsoka (G)Bark and FlowersFemale diseases like menstrual problem
48Smilax feroxShiah krot (K)FruitCholera, gastric, food poisoning
49Solanum khasianumSoh Siah (K)FruitToothache
50Swertia chirayitaBat shrita (K & J) -Malaria
51Tamarindus indica L.Soh kyntoi (K)-Dysentery
52Taxus wallichiana/ Taxus baccata L.Dieng blei (K)/ Dieng Blai (J)leafGastric, Anti-cancer
53Terminalia ArjunaArjun (G)BarkGastric
54Terminalia bellericaCheruri (G)SeedGastric
55Terminalia chebulaHaritaki (B), Artak (G)BarkGastric
56Tinospora cordifoliaDogittang (G)-Liver, malaria, skin diseases, and jaundice, Broken bone, body massage & body swelling
57Vitex negundo-Leaves and twigKidney problem, intestinal worm, goiter
58Zanthoxylum khasianumJaiur (K & J)SeedSkin diseases, Toothache
59Zingiber rubensSying makhirTuberCough, bone setting
60Zingiber zerumbetSying Blei (K)TuberFood poisoning, gastric, indigestion in children, broken bones
K-Khasi; J-Jaintia; G- Garo
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