Mizoram is flanked by Myanmar on the east and south, and Bangladesh on the west; in terms of biodiversity habitat, it falls within the Indo-Malayan bio-geographic region. However, according to Biogeographic Classification of India prepared by Wildlife Institute of India, Mizoram falls wihtin the North East Biogeographic Zones. Perched on the high hills of the eastern corner of India, Mizoram is a home of rich variety of flora and fauna distributed in its lush green, diversified terrain with steep slopes separated by rivers rolling towards north and south. With its deep gorges between the hills and falls, green valleys and streams, Mizoram is blessed with natural beauty.
Apart from its natural beauties, Mizoram is host to numerous species of birds, wildlife and flora. Mammal species observed in Mizoram forests include Slow loris Nycticebuscoucang (Sahuai), the state animal Red Serow Capricornisrubidus (Saza), Goral Nemorhaedus goral (Sathar), Tiger Panthera tigris (Sakei), Leopard Panthera pardus (Keite), Clouded Leopard Neofelis nebulosi (Kelral), Leopard Cat Prionailurus bengalensis (Sanghar), and Asiatic black bear Ursus thibetanus (Savawm), Sun bear Helarctosmalayanus (Samang/mangthir). The state is also home to many reptiles, amphibians, fish and invertebrates.
The state is a habitat for 8 species of primates such as Hoolock gibbon Hoolock hoolock (Hauhuk), Capped Langur Trachypithecuspileatus (Ngau), Phayre’s leaf monkey Trachypithecusphayrei (Dawr), Stump tailed macaque Macaca arctoides (Zawngmawt),Pig tailed macaque Macaca nemestrina (Zawngmawt), Assamese macaque Macaca assamensis (Zawng), Rhesus macaque Macaca mulatta (Zawng) and Slow Lorris Nycticebuscoucang (Sahuai).
Among the cats families, Tiger Panthera tigris (Sakei/Keipui), Leopard Panthera pardus (Keite), Clouded Leopard Neofelis nebulosi (Kelral), Golden Cat Catopumatemminckii (Keisen), Jungle Cat Felis chaus (Sauak), Leopard Cat Prionailurus bengalensis (Sanghar), Marbled Cat Pardofelis marmorata (Sate) and Fishing Cat Prionailurusviverrinus (Ngharbawr) are present in the State.
Lesser carnivore found in the state includes Small Clawed Otter Aonix cinereus(Sahram/sahramte), Common otter Lutralutra(Sahram), Yellow bellied weasel Musteliakathiah(Sarivaithun), Striped backed weasel Mustela Strigidorsa (Sarivaithun), Hog badger Arctonixcollaris(Phivawk), Yellow throated marten Martes flavigula(Safia), Large toothed ferret badger Melogalemoschata (Sahmaitha), Small toothed ferret badger Melogalepersonata(Sahmaitha), Small Indian mongoose Herpestes palustris (Sarivaithun), Grey mongoose Herpestesedwardsii (Sarivaithun), Crab eating mongoose Herpestes urva (Saphairuang), Spotted linsang Prionodonpardicolor (Ngharthingawn), Binturong Arctictis binturong (Zamphu), Small toothed palm civet Arctogalidiatrivirgata (Sazaw), Himalayan palm civet Pagumalarvata (Zawbuang), Common palm civet Paradoxurus hermaphroditus (Zawhang/sazaw), Small Indian Civet Viverricula indica (Tlumherh), Large Indian Civet Viverrazibetha (Tlumpui).
Herbivores such as Sambar Rusa unicolor (Sazuk), Barking Deer Muntiacusmuntjak (Sakhi), Goral Naemorhedus (Sathar), Red Serow Capricornisrubidus (Saza); mega herbivores such as Elephant Elephas maximus (Sai) and Gaur Bos gaurus (Ramsial) are also found.
PROTECTED AREAS OF MIZORAM
With increasing population, biotic pressure and increasing developmental activities, the unique habitat has become fragmented and vulnerable to disturbance. For protecting, propagating or developing wild life and its environment, the State Government have notified 10 Protected Areas in the state. The Protected Area covers about 8% of the total geographical area of the state. The Protected Areas of Mizoram are listed under:
List of Protected areas
|Sl. No.||Name of Protected Area||Area in sq. km||District||Notification No. & date|
|1 ||Dampa Tiger Reserve ||500 core |
|Mamit ||No.B.11011/14/90-FST of 7.12.1994 |
|2 ||Murlen National Park ||100 ||Champhai ||No.B.12012/5/99-FST of 24.01.2003 |
|3 ||Phawngpui National Park ||50 ||Lawngtlai ||No.B.12011/5/91-FST of 22.07.1997 |
|4 ||Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary ||110 ||Lawngtlai ||No.B.12012/4/91-FST of 22.07.1997 |
|5 ||Khawnglung Wildlife Sanctuary ||35.75 ||Lunglei ||No.B.12012/10/96-FST of 12.10.2000 |
|6 ||Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary ||60 ||Champhai ||No.B.12012/15/94-FST of 31.05.2002 |
|7 ||Tawi Wildlife Sanctuary ||35 ||Aizawl ||No.B.12012/1/91-FST of 16.11.2001 |
|8 ||Thorangtlang Wildlife Sanctuary ||50 ||Lunglei ||No.B.12012/17/2001-FST of 23.04.2002 |
|9 ||Pualreng Wildlife Sanctuary ||50 ||Kolasib ||No.B.12012/19/01-FST of 29.07.2004 |
|10 ||Tokalo Wildlife Sanctuary ||250 ||Saiha ||No.MADC 68/E&F/2006-2007/63 of 01.10.2007 |
|Total ||1728.75 |
Chief Wildlife Warden with headquarter at Aizawl, is the head of Wildlife and at present, the post is held by Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, who controls all Protected areas for management, conservation, administration, planning, project formulation, monitoring and evaluation. The headquarter Office of the Chief Wildlife Warden, Mizoram is located at Tuikhuahtlang, Aizawl. He is assisted by Conservator of Forest (CF) and ACF(WL). Under his control and supervisions are Aizawl Wildlife Division Aizawl, Chhimtuipui Wildlife Division, Lawngtlai, Khawzawl Wildlife Division, Khawzawl and Dampa Tiger Reserve.
Incumbency of the Chief Wildlife Warden of Mizoram
|Sl.||Name of CWLW||From||To|
|1 ||Shri SR Mehta IFS ||19.11.85 ||22.09.89 |
|2 ||Shri C.Ramhluna IFS ||25.10.89 ||11.07.94 |
|3 ||Shri AK Sinha IFS ||12.07.94 ||05.01.95 |
|4 ||Shri LalramThanga IFS ||05.01.96 ||11.03.96 |
|5 ||Shri AK Sinha IFS ||11.03.96 ||18.08.97 |
|6 ||Shri LalramThanga IFS ||19.08.97 ||11.01.98 |
|7 ||Shri PV Savant IFS ||12.01.98 ||01.03.99 |
|8 ||Shri GN Roy IFS ||01.04.99 ||17.05.99 |
|9 ||Pu T. Millang IFS ||17.05.99 ||12.09.03 |
|10 ||Shri C.Ramhluna IFS ||22.09.03 ||07.05.04 |
|11 ||Shri ML Deori IFS ||07.05.04 ||16.03.05 |
|12 ||Shri LalramThanga IFS ||16.03.05 ||25.03.11 |
|13 ||Dr. NS Bisht IFS ||25.03.11 ||05.03.12 |
|14 ||Shri LiankimaLailung IFS ||06.03.12 ||29.06.12 |
|15 ||Shri Liandawla IFS ||29.06.12 ||29.03.17 |
|16 ||Shri Rosiama Vanchhong IFS (PCCF) ||29.03.17 ||28.02.18 |
|17 ||Shri Liandawla IFS ||05.03.18 ||05.06.18 |
|18 ||Dr. Ch. M. Rao IFS ||06.06.18 ||08.04.19 |
|19 ||Shri Liandawla IFS ||08.04.19 ||- |Divisions and headquarters
|Name of Wildlife Division||Headquarter||Protected areas||District|
|Aizawl Wildlife Division ||Aizawl ||Tawi WLS ||Aizawl |
|Khawnglung WLS ||Lunglei |
|Thorangtlang WLS ||Lunglei |
|Puareng WLS ||Kolasib |
|Field Director, Dampa Tiger Reserve ||W.Phaileng ||Dampa Tiger Reserve ||Mamit |
|Chhimtuipui Wildlife Division ||Lawngtlai ||Phawngpui National Park ||Lawngtlai |
|Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary ||Lawngtlai |
|Khawzawl Wildlife Division ||Khawzawl ||Murlen National Park ||Champhai |
|Lengteng WLS ||Champhai |
|MADC Forest Department ||Saiha ||Tokalo WLS ||Saiha |