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Mizoram

The land of Highlanders

Wildlife of Mizoram

Mizoram is flanked by Myanmar on the east and south, and Bangladesh on the west; in terms of biodiversity habitat, it falls within the Indo-Malayan bio-geographic region. However, according to Biogeographic Classification of India prepared by Wildlife Institute of India, Mizoram falls wihtin the North East Biogeographic Zones. Perched on the high hills of the eastern corner of India, Mizoram is a home of rich variety of flora and fauna distributed in its lush green, diversified terrain with steep slopes separated by rivers rolling towards north and south. With its deep gorges between the hills and falls, green valleys and streams, Mizoram is blessed with natural beauty.

Apart from its natural beauties, Mizoram is host to numerous species of birds, wildlife and flora. Mammal species observed in Mizoram forests include Slow loris Nycticebuscoucang (Sahuai), the state animal Red Serow Capricornisrubidus (Saza), Goral Nemorhaedus goral (Sathar), Tiger Panthera tigris (Sakei), Leopard Panthera pardus (Keite), Clouded Leopard Neofelis nebulosi (Kelral), Leopard Cat Prionailurus bengalensis (Sanghar), and Asiatic black bear Ursus thibetanus (Savawm), Sun bear Helarctosmalayanus (Samang/mangthir). The state is also home to many reptiles, amphibians, fish and invertebrates.

The state is a habitat for 8 species of primates such as Hoolock gibbon Hoolock hoolock (Hauhuk), Capped Langur Trachypithecuspileatus (Ngau), Phayre’s leaf monkey Trachypithecusphayrei (Dawr), Stump tailed macaque Macaca arctoides (Zawngmawt),Pig tailed macaque Macaca nemestrina (Zawngmawt), Assamese macaque Macaca assamensis (Zawng), Rhesus macaque Macaca mulatta (Zawng) and Slow Lorris Nycticebuscoucang (Sahuai).

Among the cats families, Tiger Panthera tigris (Sakei/Keipui), Leopard Panthera pardus (Keite), Clouded Leopard Neofelis nebulosi (Kelral), Golden Cat Catopumatemminckii (Keisen), Jungle Cat Felis chaus (Sauak), Leopard Cat Prionailurus bengalensis (Sanghar), Marbled Cat Pardofelis marmorata (Sate) and Fishing Cat Prionailurusviverrinus (Ngharbawr) are present in the State.

Lesser carnivore found in the state includes Small Clawed Otter Aonix cinereus(Sahram/sahramte), Common otter Lutralutra(Sahram), Yellow bellied weasel Musteliakathiah(Sarivaithun), Striped backed weasel Mustela Strigidorsa (Sarivaithun), Hog badger Arctonixcollaris(Phivawk), Yellow throated marten Martes flavigula(Safia), Large toothed ferret badger Melogalemoschata (Sahmaitha), Small toothed ferret badger Melogalepersonata(Sahmaitha), Small Indian mongoose Herpestes palustris (Sarivaithun), Grey mongoose Herpestesedwardsii (Sarivaithun), Crab eating mongoose Herpestes urva (Saphairuang), Spotted linsang Prionodonpardicolor (Ngharthingawn), Binturong Arctictis binturong (Zamphu), Small toothed palm civet Arctogalidiatrivirgata (Sazaw), Himalayan palm civet Pagumalarvata (Zawbuang), Common palm civet Paradoxurus hermaphroditus (Zawhang/sazaw), Small Indian Civet Viverricula indica (Tlumherh), Large Indian Civet Viverrazibetha (Tlumpui).

Herbivores such as Sambar Rusa unicolor (Sazuk), Barking Deer Muntiacusmuntjak (Sakhi), Goral Naemorhedus (Sathar), Red Serow Capricornisrubidus (Saza); mega herbivores such as Elephant Elephas maximus (Sai) and Gaur Bos gaurus (Ramsial) are also found.

PROTECTED AREAS OF MIZORAM

With increasing population, biotic pressure and increasing developmental activities, the unique habitat has become fragmented and vulnerable to disturbance. For protecting, propagating or developing wild life and its environment, the State Government have notified 10 Protected Areas in the state. The Protected Area covers about 8% of the total geographical area of the state. The Protected Areas of Mizoram are listed under:

List of Protected areas
Sl. No.Name of Protected AreaArea in sq. kmDistrictNotification No. & date
1 Dampa Tiger Reserve 500 core
488 buffer
Mamit No.B.11011/14/90-FST of 7.12.1994
2 Murlen National Park 100 Champhai No.B.12012/5/99-FST of 24.01.2003
3 Phawngpui National Park 50 Lawngtlai No.B.12011/5/91-FST of 22.07.1997
4 Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary 110 Lawngtlai No.B.12012/4/91-FST of 22.07.1997
5 Khawnglung Wildlife Sanctuary 35.75 Lunglei No.B.12012/10/96-FST of 12.10.2000
6 Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary 60 Champhai No.B.12012/15/94-FST of 31.05.2002
7 Tawi Wildlife Sanctuary 35 Aizawl No.B.12012/1/91-FST of 16.11.2001
8 Thorangtlang Wildlife Sanctuary 50 Lunglei No.B.12012/17/2001-FST of 23.04.2002
9 Pualreng Wildlife Sanctuary 50 Kolasib No.B.12012/19/01-FST of 29.07.2004
10 Tokalo Wildlife Sanctuary 250 Saiha No.MADC 68/E&F/2006-2007/63 of 01.10.2007
Total 1728.75

MANAGEMENT

Chief Wildlife Warden with headquarter at Aizawl, is the head of Wildlife and at present, the post is held by Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, who controls all Protected areas for management, conservation, administration, planning, project formulation, monitoring and evaluation. The headquarter Office of the Chief Wildlife Warden, Mizoram is located at Tuikhuahtlang, Aizawl. He is assisted by Conservator of Forest (CF) and ACF(WL). Under his control and supervisions are Aizawl Wildlife Division Aizawl, Chhimtuipui Wildlife Division, Lawngtlai, Khawzawl Wildlife Division, Khawzawl and Dampa Tiger Reserve.

Incumbency of the Chief Wildlife Warden of Mizoram
Sl.Name of CWLWFromTo
1 Shri SR Mehta IFS 19.11.85 22.09.89
2 Shri C.Ramhluna IFS 25.10.89 11.07.94
3 Shri AK Sinha IFS 12.07.94 05.01.95
4 Shri LalramThanga IFS 05.01.96 11.03.96
5 Shri AK Sinha IFS 11.03.96 18.08.97
6 Shri LalramThanga IFS 19.08.97 11.01.98
7 Shri PV Savant IFS 12.01.98 01.03.99
8 Shri GN Roy IFS 01.04.99 17.05.99
9 Pu T. Millang IFS 17.05.99 12.09.03
10 Shri C.Ramhluna IFS 22.09.03 07.05.04
11 Shri ML Deori IFS 07.05.04 16.03.05
12 Shri LalramThanga IFS 16.03.05 25.03.11
13 Dr. NS Bisht IFS 25.03.11 05.03.12
14 Shri LiankimaLailung IFS 06.03.12 29.06.12
15 Shri Liandawla IFS 29.06.12 29.03.17
16 Shri Rosiama Vanchhong IFS (PCCF) 29.03.17 28.02.18
17 Shri Liandawla IFS 05.03.18 05.06.18
18 Dr. Ch. M. Rao IFS 06.06.18 08.04.19
19 Shri Liandawla IFS 08.04.19 -
Divisions and headquarters
Name of Wildlife DivisionHeadquarterProtected areasDistrict
Aizawl Wildlife Division Aizawl Tawi WLS Aizawl
Khawnglung WLS Lunglei
Thorangtlang WLS Lunglei
Puareng WLS Kolasib
Field Director, Dampa Tiger Reserve W.Phaileng Dampa Tiger Reserve Mamit
Chhimtuipui Wildlife Division Lawngtlai Phawngpui National Park Lawngtlai
Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary Lawngtlai
Khawzawl Wildlife Division Khawzawl Murlen National Park Champhai
Lengteng WLS Champhai
MADC Forest Department Saiha Tokalo WLS Saiha
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