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Tripura

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TTAADC (Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council)

About TTAADC

The tribal people of Tripura had been questing for autonomy for long years to preserve and promote their distinct ways of life. It is against this background that the state government as well as the central government decided to set up an Autonomous District Council for the areas predominantly having tribal population of the state to introduce internal autonomy in tribal compact areas and thereby protect the social, economic and cultural interests of the tribal population.

The objective behind setting up the Autonomous District Council is to hand over certain administrative and legal authority to the Council in order that it may devote concerted attention to all aspects of cultural, social and economic improvement of the tribal people who for historical reasons presently belong to the weaker sections of society and thereby to free them from all kinds of social injustice.

There is no doubt that the formation of the District Council under Schedule VI of the Constitution of India had fulfilled the long cherished demand of the people of Tripura for self-government in tribal majority areas. In this context, it deserved particular mention that while resting the right of autonomy, the tribal people had not agitated all by themselves. The democratic people of the state in general lent powerful support to their movement.

The main objective of forming the District Council under Schedule VI is to remove within a short time the material disparities between the advanced and backward sections of the societies, to strengthen the bonds of unity between the tribal and non-tribal masses, to emancipate not only tribal people but all the deprived people from all types of injustice and exploitation. Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council is a symbol of integrity, harmony and unity of the tribal and non-tribal people of the state. Now it is marching through the concerted efforts of the masses.

In the tribal compact areas of the state of Tripura consisting of 7,132.56 sq. kms. with an aim to introduce internal autonomy and thereby protect the social, economic and cultural interests of the tribal population as a whole. The Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council was constituted under the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India. The Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council Bill, 1979 was unanimously passed by the Tripura Legislative Assembly on March 23, 1979.

The Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council was constituted through vote by secret ballot in January 15, 1982 and the elected members were sworn in on January 18, 1982.

Subsequently, the Constitution of India has been amended by a Bill and it was unanimously passed at the floor of the Indian Parliament on August 23, 1984 for introduction of the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution in India.

A fresh election under the Sixth Schedule has been held on June 30, 1985 through vote by secret ballot and the elected members were sworn in on July 19, 1985 subsequently.

History

Before merger to Indian dominion on October 15, 1949, the princely state of Tripura was an independent kingdom under the Tripuri or Borok dynasty as independent ruler in the world history is the only instant seen in Tripura where about 185 kings ruled simultaneously.

According to the chronicle of Tripura, Rajratnakaram written in Sanskrit by Sukerswar and Vaneswar and Rajmala written in Bengali by Kailash Chandra Singha and Kali Prasanna Sen it is narrated the ancient history of Tripura. It is also mentioned that during the Mahabharata period, the social and cultural relation between Aryan-Tripuri/Borok took place. Stories of Koch, Devayani, Hirimba and other indicate these relation. It is opined by historian that the character of Siva or Mahadev is known as Subrai among the Tripuri/Borok and Sukracharya represent the Tripuri/Borok king as well as Borok/Boro group of people. They are narrated as Kiratas in Mahabharata while Dr. Suniti Kumar Chartterjee called them the Indo-Mongoloids.

Mr. B.N. Bordoloi quoted in his book, Tribes of Assam, Part–I that Mongoloids were described to be Kiratas in the Mahabharata and other Hindu scripture like Kalika Purana and Yogini Tantra.

The Kokborok speaking Tripuri/Borok people are the branch of the Boro people belongs to Sino-Tibetan linguistic group, racially Mongoloids. The Tripura word express geographical area where the indigenous inhabitants are living called themselves Borok which comes from Boro or Bodo ethnic group of people. The Boro or Bodo comes from Bod, the ancient name of Tibet. In this contest, it may be quoted from Mr. Buchman Hamilton, Perhaps the word Bod may relates with Tibetan word Bod.

It may be further mentioned the contents of Mr. Endle, It is worth considering whether the Bodo may not be related with old name of Tibet Bod. The language of Bodo ethnic community belongs to Tibeto-Burman linguistic family indeed.

In the seventh centuries, the Chinese pilgrim Hiu-En-Tsang visited eastern zone of India sub-continent. He wrote in his traveling note U-Ka-Si that there was a big kingdom having rich culture and highly developed language of the Boro people.

Mr. Marko polo and Dr. B. K. Baruah has certified in his book, A Cultural History of Assam (Early Period) to Bodo people as Tibeto-Burman linguistic group.

Therefore, the indigenous people of Tripura are racially known as Borok or Boro or Bodo and they are also known as Tripuri according to the geographical identity.

Regent Kanchan Prava Devi – the widow of late Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya Bahadur Debbarma of Tripura, she signed the Merger Agreement with Indian Union in October 15, 1949. The then under age prince Kirit Bikram Kishore Manikya Bahahur Debbarma is alive as symbol of Tripuri/Borok dynasty at present.

Administrative structure

Administration of TTAADC and its subordinate offices are managed from its headquarters in Khumulwng, West Tripura. The council is headed by its Chairman who is chosen by the elected members of the council. Executive functions of TTAADC are managed by the Chief Executive member who is supported by 9 more executive members. Chief Executive Officer, TTAADC is responsible for day to day administrative functions who is further supported by Addl CEO, Dy CEO and a number of Principal Officers and Executive Officers. At grassroots level, there are 527 Village councils functioning as primary units as institutions of local self governance similar to Gram Panchayats in Non- ADC areas. For administrative supervision, the TTAADC has following field offices as indicated in Table below:

Sl.No.InstitutionNumbers
1Zonal Development Office05
2Sub Zonal Development Office32
3Engineering Division Office04
4Engineering Sub-Division17
5School Inspectorate Office23
6Circle Office of Education65
7Inspectorate of Social Education04
8Education Sector Offices34
9Village Councils527
The organogram of TTAADC may be seen below:

General Powers

ADMINISTRATIVE
  1. The following matters are under the exclusive control and administration of the council:
    1. Allotment, occupation, use or using apart of land other than reserved forests
    2. Management of forests not being reserved forest
    3. Use of canal water & water course for agriculture
    4. Jhum
    5. Village Committee or council
    6. Any other matter relating to administration including public health and sanitation
  2. The Council may establish or manage:
    1. Primary schools
    2. Dispensaries
    3. Markets
    4. Cattle pounds
    5. Fisheries
    6. Ferries
    7. Roads
    8. Road transport and waterways
  3. The Government may entrust functions relating to the following matters to the Council
    1. Agriculture
    2. Animal Resource Development
    3. Community Projects
    4. Co-operative Societies
    5. Social Welfare
    6. Village Planning
    7. Fisheries
    8. Plantations
    9. Any other matter to which the executive power of the state extends
Legal
  1. The Council has Powers to frame laws in the following matters with the approval of Governor
    1. Inheritance of property of schedule tribes
    2. Marriage and divorce where any party belongs to a schedule tribes
    3. Social customs of schedule tribes
    4. Allotment, occupation, use or setting apart of all lands other than reserve forests
    5. Management of forest other than reserve forest
    6. Use of canal or water courses for purposes of agriculture
    7. Jhum
    8. Village Committees or Council
    9. Any other matter relating to administration including public health and sanitation
  2. The Council may regulate and control
    1. Money lending
    2. Trade
  3. The Council may, with previous approval of the Government make regulation for administration and control of
    1. Primary schools
    2. Dispensaries
    3. Markets
    4. Cattle Pounds
    5. Ferries
    6. Fisheries
    7. Roads
    8. Road transport and waterways
FINANCIAL
  1. The Council shall get a share of
    1. Forest royalties
    2. Royalties accruing each year from licensing or lease for the purpose of projecting for, or the extraction of minerals granted by the state government
  2. The Council shall have the powers to levy and collect the taxes
    1. For maintenance of schools, dispensaries or roads
    2. On entry of goods into markets and tolls on passengers and goods carried in ferries
    3. On animals, vehicles and boats
    4. On professional trades, callings and employments
Visit http://ttaadc.gov.in for more information (if any)
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