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Tripura

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Languages of Tripura

Tripura, a state in Northeast India, include English as official language and many other minority languages. As in the rest of India, English is used for official purpose. Bengali is the most spoken language. Bengali is also the official language of the state.

A report in Times of India said that the state is home to three dozen languages including some that are nearly extinct, including Saimar which was spoken by only 4 people in 2012.[9] Besides this Ranglong language is also under Tibeto-Burman family a Kuki-Chin language of India and Burma. It is also recorded as Langrong by UNESCO and declared as critically endangered language. Ranglong language is also known as "Riam chong", it is spoken in Seisimdung, Noagang, Zoitang, Lungkam, Zoinogor, Muolhui, Enhui, Vomthat, Kheuri-laikhuo, Rothabil, Laikhuo, Sorospur, Thumsip, Balidung, Ru-at, Saitha, Zarolian, villages in Tripura, Nurka, Langkhanphong, Pipla, Zairal, Sobiri, Khulicherra, Jugicherra, Salganga, Kaisanary, Jamira villages in Assam and Luimawi village in Mizoram. The Ranglong people lives in a close and compact yet divided by three Indian federal states, the Ranglong speakers as per G.A. Gierson in 1904 were 6266, in 2017 Ranglongs are 15000 approximately. Ranglong language is a tonal language, monosyllabic language, contextual language, agglutinative language, and ergative language, the Ranglong people have their own grammar book published by Mr. Reuben Ranglong on 5 July 2016 in memory of his father Mualzuiril Ranglong (Lt.) the first Ranglong Christian, who took baptized in 1956 in the Diamond Jubilee year (1956-2016). The grammar book "Ranglong Chongzia" written by Rev. Lianzamthang Ranglong and released by Mr. Ringpanjoy Ranglong, President of Ranglong Youth Association.

In the state of Tripura, most of the languages of India are used. Major languages in terms of the number of speakers per 2001 census of India are as follows:

Sl. No.LanguageNumberPercentage
1. Bengali 3,600,000 70.2
2. Kokborok 814,375 25.46
3. Hindi 53,691 1.68
4. Mogh 28,850 0.9
5. Oriya 23,899 0.75
6. Bishnupuriya language 21,716 0.68
7. Manipuri 20,716 0.65
8. Halam 17,990 0.56
9. Garo 11,312 0.35
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