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Medicinal Plants of Tripura

Tripura State Medicinal Plants Board has been constituted under the Health and Family Welfare Department vide their notification No. F. 2(37)-SH/2001/3265-79 dt: 12th Sept, 01. The tripura Forest Department as a part of its efforts to given an impetus to the cultivation of medicinal plants has published of booklet on agro-technology of selected 30 species of medicinal plants of tripura.

The works in the field of conservation, cultivation, processing and marketing of medicinal plants and their products and the over all development of this sector leading to a sustainable developmental process is now ready for take off. The Health Department of the State through the indigenous systems of medicinal plants such as Ayurveda and Homeopathy have established medicinal gardens and are now looking forward for establishment of processing facilities for value addition to these medicinal plants to produce herbal products.

List of Selected Medicinal Plants from tripura
Sl. No.Scientific nameFamilyTribe and local namePart usedProcess of utilizationSpecific utilities
1Aegle marmelos CorreaRutaceaeChakma, Manipuri and Tripuri - BaelLeaves, gum from fruit, ripe fruit1. Chakma- Leaves pounded to paste with equal quantities of leaves of Cajanus cajan and a little water and 1 cupful extract taken in the morning in empty stomach in combination with molasses in jaundice.
2. Manipuri- One teaspoonful gum is taken once daily for 2 days in jaundice. Pulp of ripe fruit in dysentery.
3. Tripuri- Fruit pulp as medicine and for prevention of dysentery.
Hepatoprotective property of the leaves and gum of the fruit.
2Aegeratum conyzoides Linn.Asteraceae Chakma- Gundhuabon, Halam and Tripuri- ShyamtulsiLeaves and twigs1. Chakma- Fresh leaf extract used as anti hemorrhagic.
2. Halam- Paste of leaves and twigs used as antihaemorrhagic.
3. Tripuri- Juice used as an expectorant.
Expectorant property of the leaves.
3Ananas comosus (L.) Merrill.BromeliaceaeManipuri- Gihom Leaves 1. Leaf extract with milk and sugar candy in rheumatic swellings.
2. Extract of leaf base is taken 1 teaspoon thrice daily in diarrhea.
Use as anti- rheumatic.
4Azadirachta indica A. Juss.Meliaceae Halam and Manipuri- NeemLeaves and stem bark1. Halam- Leaves boiled in water to bathe patient with malaria and chicken pox.
2. Smoke produced by burning leaves is used as mosquito repellent.
3. Manipuri- Bark paste made to tablets and administered in severe jaundice.
Hepatoprotective property.
5Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.Fabaceae Halam- Khokhlaing, Manipuri- ArailLeaves and twigs1. Halam- Mature seeds are cooked as a pulse and given in weakness.
2. Leaf and twig paste is applied throughout the body during jaundice.
3. Manipuri- Soup of fresh leaves and twigs is administered in jaundice.
Use in physical weakness.
6Carica papaya L.CaricaceaeManipuri and Chakma-PaypayRoot and fruit1. Manipuri- Extract of raw roots is administered 2 - 3 teaspoon thrice daily in jaundice.
2. Chakma- Unripe fruits is cooked as a vegetable, ripe fruit, eaten raw. Fruits are considered to be stomachic.
Hepatoprotective property.
7Centella asiatica (Linn.) UrbanApiaceae Halam- Perup, Manipuri- ThunmankuniLeaves and entire shoot1. Halam- Eaten either as paste or cooked as a vegetable for dysentery and diarrhea.
2. Manipuri- Decoction of the shoot part along with four other ingredients is used as a combination medicine for jaundice.
Hepatoprotective property.
8Clerodendrum viscosum Vent.Verbenaceae Chakma-Killiashak, Tripuri- Bhati pataaLeaves and root1. Chakma- Extract is used as expectorant. Decoction of the leaves is used to check high blood pressure.
2. Tripuri- Root extract is administered 1 teaspoon thrice daily as febrifuge.
Use against high blood pressure.
9Cynodon dactylon (L.) PersoonPoaceae Chakma- Doob pataaShoot and roots1. Chakma- Shoot extract is antihaemorrhagic.
2. Manipuri- ½ cup of extract of roots is consumed thrice daily for 2 days to get rid of rheumatic swellings.
Use as anti-rheumatic.
10Euphorbia nerifolia Linn.Euphorbiaceae Manipuri- Kupoit pataa, Halam- SairapalLeaves 1. Manipuri- Leaves are heated on any fire source and the juice is applied to the ear in any sort of ear infection.
2. Vapor is inhaled as medicine during fever.
3. Halam- Oven heated leaves are placed on the chest to control cough.
Use in ear infection and fever are new reports.
11Jatropha curcas Linn.EuphorbiaceaeChakma-GirogaachhBranches1. The sap is applied locally in gum infections.
2. Raw leaves are used in high blood pressure.
Use against high blood pressure.
12Kaempferia rotunda Linn.ZingiberaceaeChakma- BhojoraphulFlower and rhizome1. Flower decoction is used to bathe patient with skin infections.
2. Aqueous decoction of rhizome is taken ½ cup a day for1 week in jaundice.
Use as a hepatoprotective agent.
13Kalanchoe pinnata Pers.Crassulaceae Chakma- Khurajot, Manipuri- PatharkuchiLeaves 1. Chakma- Chewed raw with sugar to control dysentery and diarrhea.
2. Juice is administered in jaundice.
3. Leaf paste is applied on skin infections and pimples.
4. Manipuri- Juice of raw leaves is administered in dysentery and diarrhea.
Hepatoprotective and antiseptic property of the plant are new reports.
14Leucas aspera Spreng.Laminaceae Manipuri- Doron pushpaLeaves and twigs1. 2 tablespoons of extract is taken thrice daily for 3 - 4 days in jaundice.
2. One teaspoon is taken twice daily in cough.
Hepatoprotective property.
15Marsilea quadrifolia Linn.Marsileaceae Manipuri- Lamzenchin, Halam- SusniLeaves 1. Manipuri- Soup is administered daily to children as a brain tonic.
2. Halam- Soup with fingerlings of Channa punctatus is administered with rice for 15 days in jaundice.
hepatoprotective agent are new reports.
16Mimosa pudica Linn.Mimosaceae Halam- Cheaken lai, Chakma- Dugjat lajariEntire plant 1. Halam- Leaf paste is applied on the acne and pimples.
2. Chakma- Extract is used in equal proportion by weight along with bark extract of Urena lobata as a combination medicine against jaundice.
Uses as antiseptic and as a hepatoprotective agent are new reports.
17Momordica charantia Linn.Cucurbitaceae Tripuri-GangraukFruits and twigs1. Fruits is cooked as a vegetable and considered to be anthelmintic.
2. Extract of twigs is used against dyspepsia.
Used against dyspepsia.
18Musa paradisiaca Roxb.Musaceae Halam- Mot Flower and stolon1. Juice of flowers is used in dysmenorrhoea and menorrhagia.
2. Extract of the stolon is administered in dysentery and diarrhea.
Uses of flowers in dysmenorrhoea and menorrhagia and stolon in dysentery and diarrhea are new reports.
19Phlogacanthus thyrsiflorus (Hardwicke) MabberleyAcanthaceae Manipuri- Nunbangha, Chakma- BasokpataLeaves 1. Manipuri- Vapour in hot water with Nyctanthes abor tristis and Clerodendron viscosum is inhaled in rheumatism.
2. Chakma- Leaf juice is used as an expectorant.
20Psidium guajava L.MyrtaceaeHalam- Sapri Fruits and twigs1. Young twigs is chewed in empty stomach every morning for 1 week in dysentery and diarrhea.
2. Fruit is used in anaemia.
Use against anaemia.
21Scoparia dulcis L.ScrophulariaceaeDarlong- Boltekanza, Halam- NaipungchewkLeaves and twigs1. Darlong- Decoction of the plant is used as anthelmintic for infants of age 6 months to 1 year.
2. Halam- ½ glass of extract is taken once daily for 3 - 4 days in empty stomach in jaundice.
Use as anthelmintic and hepatoprotective are new reports.
22Spilanthes paniculata Wallich ex. DC.Asteraceae Halam- Ansha Leaves1. Halam- Boiled leaves is used with rice in stomach troubles and liver problems.
2. Darlong- 1 teaspoon of juice is administered thrice daily for 3 - 4 days in dyspepsia.
Use as hepatoprotective and against dyspepsia are new reports.
23Terminalia chebula RetziusCombretaceae Tripuri- Bukhala buthai, Manipuri-ManahiDried fruit 1. Tripuri- 1 teaspoon extract is administered thrice daily as stomachic.
2. Manipuri- Is a component of a multiple ingredient remedy for jaundice.
Hepatoprotective property.
24Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent.Bignoniaceae Halam-Kaak-rakung, Tripuri- TaukharunStem bark and immature fruits1. Halam- The cooled aqueous extract is taken with 2 tablespoons of sugar in 300 ml water as many times a day as possible in jaundice.
2. Tripuri- Soup is used as stomachic and anthelmintic.
25Ocimum sanctum L.Laminaceae Tripuri- Tulsi Leaf 1. 1 teaspoon of extract is administered twice daily for 1 week as an expectorant.
2. Extract is administered in 1:1 ratio with rhizome extract of Zingiber officinale at a dose of 1 teaspoon twice daily for 1 week in jaundice.
Hepatoprotective property.
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