|Sl. No.||Scientific name||Family||Tribe and local name||Part used||Process of utilization||Specific utilities|
|1||Aegle marmelos Correa||Rutaceae||Chakma, Manipuri and Tripuri - Bael||Leaves, gum from fruit, ripe fruit||1. Chakma- Leaves pounded to paste with equal quantities of leaves of Cajanus cajan and a little water and 1 cupful extract taken in the morning in empty stomach in combination with molasses in jaundice.|
2. Manipuri- One teaspoonful gum is taken once daily for 2 days in jaundice. Pulp of ripe fruit in dysentery.
3. Tripuri- Fruit pulp as medicine and for prevention of dysentery.
|Hepatoprotective property of the leaves and gum of the fruit.|
|2||Aegeratum conyzoides Linn.||Asteraceae||Chakma- Gundhuabon, Halam and Tripuri- Shyamtulsi||Leaves and twigs||1. Chakma- Fresh leaf extract used as anti hemorrhagic.|
2. Halam- Paste of leaves and twigs used as antihaemorrhagic.
3. Tripuri- Juice used as an expectorant.
|Expectorant property of the leaves.|
|3||Ananas comosus (L.) Merrill.||Bromeliaceae||Manipuri- Gihom||Leaves||1. Leaf extract with milk and sugar candy in rheumatic swellings.|
2. Extract of leaf base is taken 1 teaspoon thrice daily in diarrhea.
|Use as anti- rheumatic.|
|4||Azadirachta indica A. Juss.||Meliaceae||Halam and Manipuri- Neem||Leaves and stem bark||1. Halam- Leaves boiled in water to bathe patient with malaria and chicken pox.|
2. Smoke produced by burning leaves is used as mosquito repellent.
3. Manipuri- Bark paste made to tablets and administered in severe jaundice.
|5||Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.||Fabaceae||Halam- Khokhlaing, Manipuri- Arail||Leaves and twigs||1. Halam- Mature seeds are cooked as a pulse and given in weakness.|
2. Leaf and twig paste is applied throughout the body during jaundice.
3. Manipuri- Soup of fresh leaves and twigs is administered in jaundice.
|Use in physical weakness.|
|6||Carica papaya L.||Caricaceae||Manipuri and Chakma-Paypay||Root and fruit||1. Manipuri- Extract of raw roots is administered 2 - 3 teaspoon thrice daily in jaundice.|
2. Chakma- Unripe fruits is cooked as a vegetable, ripe fruit, eaten raw. Fruits are considered to be stomachic.
|7||Centella asiatica (Linn.) Urban||Apiaceae||Halam- Perup, Manipuri- Thunmankuni||Leaves and entire shoot||1. Halam- Eaten either as paste or cooked as a vegetable for dysentery and diarrhea.|
2. Manipuri- Decoction of the shoot part along with four other ingredients is used as a combination medicine for jaundice.
|8||Clerodendrum viscosum Vent.||Verbenaceae||Chakma-Killiashak, Tripuri- Bhati pataa||Leaves and root||1. Chakma- Extract is used as expectorant. Decoction of the leaves is used to check high blood pressure.|
2. Tripuri- Root extract is administered 1 teaspoon thrice daily as febrifuge.
|Use against high blood pressure.|
|9||Cynodon dactylon (L.) Persoon||Poaceae||Chakma- Doob pataa||Shoot and roots||1. Chakma- Shoot extract is antihaemorrhagic.|
2. Manipuri- ½ cup of extract of roots is consumed thrice daily for 2 days to get rid of rheumatic swellings.
|Use as anti-rheumatic.|
|10||Euphorbia nerifolia Linn.||Euphorbiaceae||Manipuri- Kupoit pataa, Halam- Sairapal||Leaves||1. Manipuri- Leaves are heated on any fire source and the juice is applied to the ear in any sort of ear infection.|
2. Vapor is inhaled as medicine during fever.
3. Halam- Oven heated leaves are placed on the chest to control cough.
|Use in ear infection and fever are new reports.|
|11||Jatropha curcas Linn.||Euphorbiaceae||Chakma-Girogaachh||Branches||1. The sap is applied locally in gum infections.|
2. Raw leaves are used in high blood pressure.
|Use against high blood pressure.|
|12||Kaempferia rotunda Linn.||Zingiberaceae||Chakma- Bhojoraphul||Flower and rhizome||1. Flower decoction is used to bathe patient with skin infections.|
2. Aqueous decoction of rhizome is taken ½ cup a day for1 week in jaundice.
|Use as a hepatoprotective agent.|
|13||Kalanchoe pinnata Pers.||Crassulaceae||Chakma- Khurajot, Manipuri- Patharkuchi||Leaves||1. Chakma- Chewed raw with sugar to control dysentery and diarrhea.|
2. Juice is administered in jaundice.
3. Leaf paste is applied on skin infections and pimples.
4. Manipuri- Juice of raw leaves is administered in dysentery and diarrhea.
|Hepatoprotective and antiseptic property of the plant are new reports.|
|14||Leucas aspera Spreng.||Laminaceae||Manipuri- Doron pushpa||Leaves and twigs||1. 2 tablespoons of extract is taken thrice daily for 3 - 4 days in jaundice.|
2. One teaspoon is taken twice daily in cough.
|15||Marsilea quadrifolia Linn.||Marsileaceae||Manipuri- Lamzenchin, Halam- Susni||Leaves||1. Manipuri- Soup is administered daily to children as a brain tonic.|
2. Halam- Soup with fingerlings of Channa punctatus is administered with rice for 15 days in jaundice.
|hepatoprotective agent are new reports.|
|16||Mimosa pudica Linn.||Mimosaceae||Halam- Cheaken lai, Chakma- Dugjat lajari||Entire plant||1. Halam- Leaf paste is applied on the acne and pimples.|
2. Chakma- Extract is used in equal proportion by weight along with bark extract of Urena lobata as a combination medicine against jaundice.
|Uses as antiseptic and as a hepatoprotective agent are new reports.|
|17||Momordica charantia Linn.||Cucurbitaceae||Tripuri-Gangrauk||Fruits and twigs||1. Fruits is cooked as a vegetable and considered to be anthelmintic.|
2. Extract of twigs is used against dyspepsia.
|Used against dyspepsia.|
|18||Musa paradisiaca Roxb.||Musaceae||Halam- Mot||Flower and stolon||1. Juice of flowers is used in dysmenorrhoea and menorrhagia.|
2. Extract of the stolon is administered in dysentery and diarrhea.
|Uses of flowers in dysmenorrhoea and menorrhagia and stolon in dysentery and diarrhea are new reports.|
|19||Phlogacanthus thyrsiflorus (Hardwicke) Mabberley||Acanthaceae||Manipuri- Nunbangha, Chakma- Basokpata||Leaves||1. Manipuri- Vapour in hot water with Nyctanthes abor tristis and Clerodendron viscosum is inhaled in rheumatism.|
2. Chakma- Leaf juice is used as an expectorant.
|20||Psidium guajava L.||Myrtaceae||Halam- Sapri||Fruits and twigs||1. Young twigs is chewed in empty stomach every morning for 1 week in dysentery and diarrhea.|
2. Fruit is used in anaemia.
|Use against anaemia.|
|21||Scoparia dulcis L.||Scrophulariaceae||Darlong- Boltekanza, Halam- Naipungchewk||Leaves and twigs||1. Darlong- Decoction of the plant is used as anthelmintic for infants of age 6 months to 1 year.|
2. Halam- ½ glass of extract is taken once daily for 3 - 4 days in empty stomach in jaundice.
|Use as anthelmintic and hepatoprotective are new reports.|
|22||Spilanthes paniculata Wallich ex. DC.||Asteraceae||Halam- Ansha||Leaves||1. Halam- Boiled leaves is used with rice in stomach troubles and liver problems.|
2. Darlong- 1 teaspoon of juice is administered thrice daily for 3 - 4 days in dyspepsia.
|Use as hepatoprotective and against dyspepsia are new reports.|
|23||Terminalia chebula Retzius||Combretaceae||Tripuri- Bukhala buthai, Manipuri-Manahi||Dried fruit||1. Tripuri- 1 teaspoon extract is administered thrice daily as stomachic.|
2. Manipuri- Is a component of a multiple ingredient remedy for jaundice.
|24||Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent.||Bignoniaceae||Halam-Kaak-rakung, Tripuri- Taukharun||Stem bark and immature fruits||1. Halam- The cooled aqueous extract is taken with 2 tablespoons of sugar in 300 ml water as many times a day as possible in jaundice.|
2. Tripuri- Soup is used as stomachic and anthelmintic.
|25||Ocimum sanctum L.||Laminaceae||Tripuri- Tulsi||Leaf||1. 1 teaspoon of extract is administered twice daily for 1 week as an expectorant.|
2. Extract is administered in 1:1 ratio with rhizome extract of Zingiber officinale at a dose of 1 teaspoon twice daily for 1 week in jaundice.